There are two distinct steps for correctly citing paraphrased information within your manuscript:
- Include an abbreviated reference within your text (author last name, publication year, page number). This reference can take the form of a footnote or appear directly next to the paraphrased text as an author-date parenthetical citation (see earlier pages of this guide) or source line.
- Include a full reference at the end of the chapter in a list of references or bibliography: Author Last Name, First Name. Book title. City: Publisher, Year.
In the following example, the author summarized an article and cited the original source directly within the text using an abbreviated reference.